Mobility Component Test

Higher Rate

The higher rate is payable to people who:

1. are unable or virtually unable to walk because of a physical disability or
2. are severely visually impaired and satisfy the conditions or
3. if 2. does not apply, then are both deaf and blind and satisfy the conditions or
4. are severely mentally impaired and
4.1 display severe behavioural problems and
4.2 satisfy the conditions for the highest rate of the DLA care component or
5. have had both legs amputated either through or above the ankle
6. are for any reason without both legs to the same extent as if they had been
amputated either through or above the ankle

One of the conditions for entitlement to the higher rate DLA mobility component is that the disabled person is unable or virtually unable to walk. People are considered to be unable or virtually unable to walk if their physical condition is such that:
1. they are unable to walk or
2. their ability to walk out of doors is so limited when considering
2.1 the distance over which or
2.2 the speed at which or
2.3 the length of time for which or
2.4 the manner in which
they can make progress on foot without severe discomfort, they are virtually unable to walk or
3. the effort needed to walk would put their life at risk or be likely to lead to a serious deterioration in their health.

This section contains a summary designed for Adults with Fibromyalgia. Other medical conditions may satisfy special conditions which are not listed here. Decision makers who make decisions about these benefits have far more detailed guidance available to them as this is only meant as a summarised guide. More detail has been provided on the term “Virtually unable to walk” as this is probably the condition most relevant to adults with Fibromyalgia.

Lower Rate

The lower rate is payable to people who can walk but are so severely disabled mentally or physically that they need guidance or supervision from another person most of the time when walking out of doors. Any ability the person has to use routes which are familiar to them is disregarded. During most of the period of any award their condition must allow them from time to time to benefit from enhanced facilities for locomotion. The conditions for the lower rate are quite different to those for the higher rate. They relate to the needs people have to enable them to walk out of doors, rather than their inability to walk. Therefore, where a claimant has a disability which prevents them from walking out of doors, there is no entitlement to the lower rate DLA mobility component.

If a person on the lower rate satisfies the conditions for the higher rate they must consistently satisfy the conditions of the higher rate for three months before they would be eligible for the higher rate.

Care Component Test

To satisfy the disability conditions for the DLA care component, a person must need:

1. attention from another person or
2. supervision from another person or
3. another person to watch over them or
4. cannot prepare a cooked main meal even if they have the ingredients

The day condition

The day condition is satisfied if a person is so severely disabled physically or mentally, that they require from another person:

1. frequent attention throughout the day in connection with bodily functions or
2. continual supervision throughout the day in order to avoid substantial danger
to themselves or others

The night condition

The night condition is satisfied if a person is so severely disabled physically or mentally that, at night they require:

1. prolonged or repeated attention in connection with bodily functions from another person or
2. another person to be awake for a prolonged period or at frequent intervals for the purpose of watching over them in order to avoid substantial danger to themselves or others.

Highest rate

The highest rate is awarded to people who are so severely disabled physically or mentally that they satisfy the day condition and the night condition.

Middle rate

The middle rate is awarded to people who are so severely disabled physically or mentally that they satisfy the day condition or the night condition

Lowest rate

1. they need attention from another person for a significant portion of the day in connection with their bodily functions (whether during one period or a number of periods) or
2. they cannot prepare a cooked main meal for themselves even if they have the ingredients

If a person on the lower rate satisfies the conditions for the higher rate they must consistently satisfy the conditions of the higher rate for three months before they would be eligible for the higher rate.

This information is designed to be read in the context of Fibromyalgia as other medical conditions could qualify for special circumstances which are not listed. This information is designed for adults with Fibromyalgia as there are additional considerations for children that are not listed here.

This information has been written after reading the Decision Makers Guide made public by The Department for Work and Pensions on their website here.